Countering Theist Apologetics: The Argument from Morality

Most human beings are capable of intuitively apprehending which actions and behaviors promote the well-being of others and which do not. In other words, human beings are, by and large, moral creatures. We are not fundamentally different from any other animal species in this regard. In his 1871 book The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin did not spare morality from […]

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Countering Theist Apologetics: The Argument from Design

For centuries, many theists have attempted to deduce the existence of a supernatural creator and sustainer of the universe from the visible features of the natural world. One common way they do this is by selectively pointing to instances in nature of beauty and complexity as revealed by the exploration and study of natural objects, which include examples of carefully-balanced regularity and order. The “argument from design” states that such beauty, complexity and order could not possibly have come about by material processes alone. Something more is needed, namely a supernatural Designer or Creator.

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Countering Theist Apologetics: The Kalam Cosmological Argument

The Kalam Cosmological Argument is a philosophical and (ostensibly) scientific defense of theism that many theistic apologists have found to be relevant and useful in recent years. It is especially favored by Christian apologist and philosopher William Lane Craig, who has been primarily responsible for its modern popularization. The argument has its origins in the medieval tradition of Islamic apologetic […]

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Countering Theist Apologetics: The First Cause Argument

The most well-known arguments for the existence of a god are generally the same arguments that have been advanced for centuries. These arguments continue to be favored by theists today, in spite of the fact that they have been refuted many times over. The strategy employed by modern-day theists is to restate obsolete items in their apologetic toolbox in scientific-sounding […]

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Countering Theist Apologetics: The Argument from “Fine-Tuning” of the Universe

A persistent argument commonly used by theists to support their claim that a personal god exists invokes the supposed “fine-tuning” of the physical constants in the universe. Natural physical forces alone, so the argument goes, could not possibly have produced an orderly universe that sustains life. The values of several physical constants are such that, if they were even slightly […]

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Is Science Making the Case for God? A Response to Eric Metaxas

The Wall Street Journal recently published an online opinion piece with the headline “Science Increasingly Makes the Case for God.” In the article, author Eric Metaxas emphasizes the improbability of human beings not only coming into existence, but also becoming aware of our existence and of the universe in which we find ourselves. According to Metaxas, the odds against the […]

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