Countering Theist Apologetics: The Kalam Cosmological Argument

The Kalam Cosmological Argument is a philosophical and (ostensibly) scientific defense of theism that many theistic apologists have found to be relevant and useful in recent years. It is especially favored by Christian apologist and philosopher William Lane Craig, who has been primarily responsible for its modern popularization. The argument has its origins in the medieval tradition of Islamic apologetic […]

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Countering Theist Apologetics: The First Cause Argument

The most well-known arguments for the existence of a god are generally the same arguments that have been advanced for centuries. These arguments continue to be favored by theists today, in spite of the fact that they have been refuted many times over. The strategy employed by modern-day theists is to restate obsolete items in their apologetic toolbox in scientific-sounding […]

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Countering Theist Apologetics: The Argument from “Fine-Tuning” of the Universe

A persistent argument commonly used by theists to support their claim that a personal god exists invokes the supposed “fine-tuning” of the physical constants in the universe. Natural physical forces alone, so the argument goes, could not possibly have produced an orderly universe that sustains life. The values of several physical constants are such that, if they were even slightly […]

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